There is a lot of confusion about the difference between Mandarin and Chinese. Many people believe that they are one and the same, but this is not actually true.
Mandarin is just one dialect of Chinese, and there are many others. In this blog post, we will discuss the differences between Mandarin and Chinese, as well as their similarities. We will also provide some tips for learning each language.
What’s the history and origin of Mandarin?
The Mandarin dialect is thought to have originated in the north of China, during the reign of the Ming Dynasty. It was then adopted as the official language of the Chinese government, and became known as Guoyu or national language.
In 1956, the Chinese government decided to standardize the written form of Mandarin, which is now known as Putonghua or common speech. This written form is used in schools and government offices across China, and is the basis for most Mandarin teaching materials.
How many people speak Mandarin Chinese?
Mandarin is the most spoken language in China, with over 850 million speakers. It is also one of the six official languages of the United Nations, and is used by Chinese communities all over the world.
In terms of native speakers, Mandarin is actually ranked as the 11th most spoken language in the world. This is because it is mainly spoken in China, which has a population of over one billion people.
What other dialects of Chinese are there?
In addition to Mandarin, there are many other dialects of Chinese. The most common ones are Cantonese, Shanghainese, and Hokkien. These dialects differ from Mandarin in their pronunciation, vocabulary, and grammar.
Cantonese is spoken in the southeastern province of Guangdong, as well as in Hong Kong and Macau. It is known for its musical tones and has a very different sound from Mandarin.
Shanghainese is spoken in the eastern province of Jiangsu, as well as in Shanghai. It is also quite different from Mandarin, with a more guttural sound.
Hokkien is spoken in the southern province of Fujian, as well as in Taiwan and Southeast Asia. It is similar to Mandarin in terms of grammar, but has a different vocabulary and pronunciation.